Arabs attacking Jews: Over 100 years of excuses

Cross posted from the blog of David Collier

During the height of the second Intifada, the media and politicians in general were adamant, only total desperation could cause one human being to walk onto a bus full of innocent civilians and blow himself up. This twisted logic unashamedly blames the victims for the act of violence that kills them and removes personal responsibility from the terrorist. It is also a logic that only applies in Israel, as we find the same media and the same politicians have no trouble identifying the true cause of the brutal violence when it hits closer to home.

On April 30th 2003, at about 00:45, 22-year-old Asif Muhammad Hanif entered Mike’s Place, a live music tourist pub on the Tel Aviv beachfront. Asif, from London and his friend, Omar Khan Sharif from Derby, had been born, grew up and were educated in the UK. Their entire itinerary had been planned using the latest Lonely Planet Guide book and they had spent the evening with a hundred other tourists at the Hayarkon Hostel, just up the road. Upon entering the pub, Asif detonated his bomb, killing 3 and injuring 50, with the damage restricted by the brave actions of Avi Tabib, the security guard. One of the fatalities was 29-year-old French-born Dominique Haas, a personal friend of mine. It would be difficult to argue that Asif and Omar were any more desperate than you or I. Young, British and university educated, they had their whole lives before them, but simply believed there was more to gain from murdering Jews in Tel Aviv instead.

It is now October 2015 and Jews are again being murdered on the streets of Israel. Today, we are being told the reason Arabs are murdering innocent Jews is because the ‘status quo’ on the Temple Mount is being threatened. It is a false rumour that has been used before, but let us embark on an historical exercise and follow this logic to its obvious conclusion.

This from Gaza in October 2015. For those that haven’t watched it, the call for stabbing, the knife, the religious references is highly disturbing viewing.

But logic works a certain way, and in the given argument if we remove the said cause, the effect should just disappear. So let us step back a year.

It is 2014. The status quo on the Temple Mount is not being threatened. This is an attack by a 16-year-old terrorist who began stabbing Jewish customers at the Rami Levy supermarket in Mishor Adumim. *This video contains disturbing images*.

You can read more about the attack here. The reason given by western media and politicians alike for the violence of late 2014, was that the conflict in Gaza earlier in the year had created a feeling of desperation and a need for revenge. If that is the case, let us go further back.

It is October 2000, the conflicts against Hamas run Gaza are still a decade away, but the 2nd Intifada is upon us, Israelis are about to be murdered on the streets of Netanya, Afula, Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, anywhere in fact that they can be reached. Two Israelis, Vadim Nurzhitz and Yossi Avrahami having accidentally entered Ramallah, were ‘arrested’ by PA policemen and taken to the local Police Station. There they were ‘beaten, stabbed, had their eyes gouged out, and were disembowelled’ by a mob of Palestinians.

Aziz Salha, terroristThe picture is of Aziz Salha, one of the ‘lynchers’, waving his blood-stained hands from the police station window. Salha was later arrested by Israel and sentenced to life imprisonment, but was released in 2011 as part of the Gilad Shalit prisoner exchange. The general consensus amongst politicians and the western media was that this outbreak of brutal violence was the result of Ariel Sharon provoking the Palestinians by stepping foot on Temple Mount. If that is the case, let us go further back.

It is September 1999 and Ariel Sharon’s foot has not yet been placed on Temple Mount. Haifa couple Sharon Steinmetz and Yehiel Finfeter went hiking in the Megiddo region when they were stabbed and murdered by an Israeli Arab, Abdullah Salah Aghbariya. ‘Aghbariya reportedly first attacked Finfeter, 25, with a knife and stabbed him several times in front of his girlfriend, before hitting her with a rock and stabbing her to death. Although the terrorist suggested he had murdered these two ‘because they were Jewish’, the media and politicians of the time were having none of it. They suggested that the late 1999 tension was caused not by the self-declared hatred of Jews of the terrorist, but by the friction and stagnation of the peace process. If that is the case, let us go further back.

It is late 1993 and the stagnation of the peace process is yet to be seen on the distant horizon. ‘Hope’ is now the keyword as Israelis and Palestinians embark on a mission of mutual recognition that results in the beginning of the Oslo peace process. Within weeks, on 24/9/1993, Yigal Vaknin became the first of many victims of this process, as he was stabbed to death in an orchard near the trailer home where he lived. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Yigal Vaknin

The violence over the coming years, some of the most brutal seen inside Israel since 1948 was explained away as a ‘side effect’ of the peace process itself. Over 250 Israelis died in the years immediately following the Oslo accord, sacrificed for a peace that never came. Western media and politicians explained away these terrorist actions as the desperate measures of extremists intent on stopping the process. If that is the case, let us go further back.

It is 21st March 1989 and the Oslo Peace Process is not yet even a seed in Yossi Beilin’s mind. The first Intifada has hit its peak and Muhammad Zakut, an Arab construction worker in Tel Aviv began randomly stabbing Israeli civilians in Tel Aviv on the Jewish holiday of Purim. Zakut stabbed three Israelis with a commando knife as he shouted “God is great.” One of the victims, Kurt Moshe Schallinger, 73, was killed as he left his car on a Tel Aviv street full of children in costume.

First Intifada - Rock throwing

First Intifada – Rock throwing

Zakut received a life sentence, but like Aziz Salha from the Ramallah lynching, Zakut was released as part of the Gilad Shalit exchange. Around 160 Israelis were murdered during the first Intifada, with western press and politicians blaming frustration at the ‘occupation’ and the building of settlements for the outbreak of violence. So if that is the case let us go further back.

It is 1966. The entire West Bank and Gaza are in Arab hands and there is no ‘occupation’. Not a single settlement exists.  The situation has been the same for 17 years and because most of the attacks against the Jews in Israel began beyond the border, the terrorists were armed with guns or explosives rather than knives. There were massacres on buses, attacks on trains, archaeologists, cross border shootings and numerous sniper attacks. The knife still made its appearance with an attack against the odd shepherd, kidnap rape and murder of women and various random attacks where specific details have been lost through time. Between 1949 and 1967, when Israel was in existence completely behind the ‘Green Line’, hundreds of Jewish people were murdered in Israel.

1964 Arab Summit

1964 Arab Summit, creation of PLO

Rather than take the available option and declare a Palestinian State, the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organisation) was formed in Cairo in 1964 with the intention of destroying Israel. Through all this violence, western media and the politicians placed the blame on the tensions in the region caused by the status of the refugees created during the War of Independence that followed the birth of the State of Israel. If that is the case, let us go further back.

It is December 2nd 1947. There are no refugees, no occupation and Israel does not yet even exist. The Arabs of the area have not yet even labelled themselves as Palestinians. It is 3 days after the United Nations voted in favour of Partition, pushing a two state solution that the Arabs totally rejected. The Arabs begin a riot in Jerusalem, with 8 Jews reported as being killed. The New York Times pointed out that it was the knife that was the weapon of choice.

Arab attack against Jewish commercial area in Jerusalem, December 1947

Arab attack against Jewish commercial area in Jerusalem, December 1947

The killings had begun even earlier with an ambush against buses near Kfar Syrkin on November 30th, and the following months were to see escalating violence as civil war erupted throughout the British Mandate of Palestine. Arabs began to leave the region within weeks, with 100,000 having fled by March. In January irregular Arab armies entered the arena to wipe the Jews out and the neighbouring Arab nations declared openly Israel would never be born. It is impossible to calculate precise Jewish losses over each period in a conflict that was to turn from civil to regional war, but in total over 6000 Jews were to be killed in the following 18 months. Proportionally more than the UK lost in the entire 7 years of WW2. According to western politicians and media of the time, this, all because of the ‘understandable’ Arab reaction to resolution 181 and partition. If this is the case, let us go further back.

It is April 19–20, 1936. There is no partition, no Israel, no settlements, no occupation and no refugees. Even the original suggestions of partition first raised by the Peel commission are still some time away. But ‘The Bloody Day in Jaffa’ is upon us and the first day of the ‘Great Arab Uprising’. By the end of the first week, 17 Jews had been murdered.

Jaffa, Palestine: The beginning of the Arab Revolt of 1936

Jaffa, Palestine: The beginning of the Arab Revolt of 1936

The revolt was to last 3 years and led to an almost absolute curb on Jewish immigration into British Palestine. The British, and the media placed the blame for the murders and the violence of the revolt on Arab opposition to growing Jewish immigration that was caused by Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi Germany. If this is the case, let us go further back.

It is 19th August 1929. There is no partition, no Israel, no settlements, no occupation and no refugees. Adolf Hitler is out of jail, but yet to receive major popular support at an election. Zionist immigration is still on the slow dripping 4th Aliyah rather than fast flowing 5th Aliyah. A young Sephardic Jew named Abraham Mizrachi was stabbed to death by an Arab near Mea Shearim. The following Friday, August 23rd, a violent Arab demonstration took place at the Western Wall and that afternoon a massacre of Jews in Jerusalem began (17 Jews murdered). The violence spread across British Palestine and in the coming days, Hebron (65+ massacred) and Safed (18+ massacred) saw the worst of the incidents.

Newspaper report on Hebron Massacre 1929

Newspaper report on Hebron Massacre 1929

The massacres and killings were to lead to the Shaw Commission analysing the cause of tension. It found Arab leaders had created and spread propaganda calculated to incite the trouble. They spread rumours of a Jewish takeover of Temple Mount (sound familiar). The commission believed that the underlying cause was Jewish immigration and the threat that local Arabs felt a Jewish presence in Palestine brought. This is no different than if today, wild mobs streamed into towns in Europe or the US that have large immigrant populations with the intent to carry out bloody massacres against innocent civilians. But for the British, world politicians and the media this was excuse enough for Jews to be killed.  So if this is the case, let us go even further back.

It is 1920. There is no partition, no Israel, no settlements, no occupation, little immigration and no refugees. Even the Mandate has not yet officially begun. San Remo, the conference that was to decide the fate of the Middle East has not yet occurred. We are now back in Jerusalem at the time of the Neba Musa festival. A time that was to see riots that had Arabs murdering Jews in yet another ‘excusable’ massacre in Jerusalem. The knives were out again.

Nabi Musa April 1920 Jerusalem

Nabi Musa April 1920 Jerusalem

5 Jews were murdered and 216 were injured. The Palin Commission of Inquiry (don’t the British love-making up excuses for violence against Jews) found that Arab disappointment at the non-fulfilment of the promises of independence was the primary cause. So if this is the case, let us go even further back.

It is 1910. We have left British Palestine, because it does not yet exist. There has been no promise of independence to the Arabs, there is no Balfour declaration, no Mandate, no partition, no Israel, no settlements, no occupation and no refugees. Ariel Sharon’s foot has not even been born. We are in Shiraz to witness a massacre of Jews in 1910 that was sparked by a blood libel (also 1892 & 1897). Twelve were killed, another fifteen were stabbed or hit with bludgeons or bullets and many more were injured. We can then travel back even further before the very beginning of the Zionist movement, to the Damascus affair and the blood libel of 1840. And we find contemporary ‘mob attacks on Jewish communities throughout the Middle East’. We also find Jews were being murdered throughout the 19th century, just for being Jews, in Aleppo (1850, 1875), in Damascus (1840, 1848, 1890), in Beirut (1862, 1874), in Dayr al-Qamar (1847), in Jaffa (1876), in Jerusalem (1847, 1870 and 1895), in Cairo (1844, 1890), in Mansura (1877), in Alexandria (1870, 1882), and in Damanhur (1871, 1873, 1877, 1891). Each and every one before the first Zionist congress took place in 1897.

Before the partition, before Israel, before the settlements, before the ‘occupation’, before the refugees, before Sharon walked onto Temple Mount, before the ‘wall’, before immigration, before Balfour and before even Zionism itself. In the beginning there was an Arab with a knife and he murdered a Jew, simply because he was a Jew.

It is an absurd logic that attempts to blame Zionism for creating violence against Jews when Modern Zionism *only came about* because of relentless violence against Jews; both in Europe and in the Middle East. You cannot place the cart before the horse.

Enough with the excuses.

33 replies »

  1. The culprit is the Quran
    No other “holy” book contains calls to kill people
    The Bible has nasty verses, but no Christian would act on them anymore
    But the Quran is considered as the holy word of Allah and it has to be taken verbatim. Moderate Muslims just ignore the violent verses, they cherry-pick the verses that a moral man can follow. But any Muslim that becomes more religious risks becoming a terrorist just by obeying his “holy” book. That’s why there will always be a certain % of Muslims that turn into terrorists.
    Muhammad hated Jews and that’s why they are singled out by the Quran. That book is nothing but the rules set by a mad psychopath to gain control on ignorant people.
    The world will not know peace until the Quran is recognized and banned for what it is : hate propaganda.

  2. Thank you David, for this lengthy report.
    Larger parts of the historic details were unknown to me.
    THANK you again!

  3. Thank you.

    Your argument is clear and justified. (Although I’m British)

    I’ve researched the history of the Jewish people carefully, sitting in libraries, reading widely, speaking to many elderly people in their 80s and 90s who witnessed many of the atrocities you refer to in your article.

    I’ve made it my business to speak up for the truth when I hear ignorant people getting on the bash-Israel cart.

    Please carry on writing articles like this one, that arm us with specific and credible facts that we can use to educate those that have ‘passion without knowledge’.

  4. It is to sad to know how igno rant the Arabs had been for ever, hating jews, just, because.
    Some day they will realize the reality and it will be too late. But the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, will be with Israel for ever and ever.

  5. It has been this way for us for over 2,000 years. The people committing the murders may have changed, their targets haven’t. All for the crime of being Jewish.

    I was stabbed in Hebron back in 1972 for that reason. I still know when the weather is going to change.

  6. Islam continues to be the single most danger to the peaceful existence of the human race. It should be destroyed at its root with a combined effort. It does not allow the peaceful co-existence of other faiths. It survives by drinking the blood of other faiths.

  7. Probably one of the most informative pieces I’ve read on the history of Arab uprisings towards Jews, in the land of Israel.
    Equally, you could refer to the conquest of the Muslim empire of the 7th century, which made war on Jews living in and around the land of old-Israel, and eventually banished the ones which survived from their homes.

    Bravo to the author of this piece though.

  8. How far back shall we go? To the founder of Islam who slaughtered all the Jews of the Arabian peninsula and the book that continues to inspire such savagery? Or, shall we go back to Ishmael in the Bible, who was “wild animal of a man whose hand will be against everyone and everyone against him”.

  9. The Muslim Arabs have driven the Jews from practically all Arab majority countries.The process of ethnic cleansing started well before Israel was born.
    But they have been almost as busy killing and driving out Middle Eastern Christians from their birthplace.

    And the Western press and politicians turn away and blame the victim for provoking Arab Muslim “frustration”.

  10. Arabs will continue to fail to force Jews to be enslaved by Muslims.
    But then Islam is a failed philosophy
    627 CE in Medina when the Arabs slaughtered us because we declined to convert
    628 CE in Khayber when the Arabs slaughtered us because we declined to convert
    As Islam spread so did the slaughter of Jews and other non-Muslims.
    1013 CE in Cordoba where the Arabs slaughtered us for being Jews
    1033 CE when the Moroccans slaughtered us because we had our own city
    1035 CE in Fez where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1066 CE in Granada where the Arabs slaughtered us for being Jews
    1090 CE in Granada where the Arabs slaughtered us for being Jews
    1146 CE in Marrakech where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1146 CE in Sijilmasa where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1146 CE in Fez where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1232 CE in Marrakech where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1247 CE in Menkes where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1275 CE in Fez where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1465 CE in Fez where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1492 CE in Touat where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1517 CE in Hebron were the Turks slaughtered us because we were Jews
    1517 CE in Tzfat were the Turks slaughtered us because we were Jews?
    1660 CE in Tiberias where the Druze slaughtered us for being Jews
    1736 CE in Alger where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1776 CE in Basra when the Arabs slaughtered us because we declined to convert
    1779 CE in Jaffa where the French slaughtered us for being Jews
    1790 CE in Tetuan where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1785 CE in Tripoli where the Arabs slaughtered us for being Jews
    1805 CE in Alger where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1815 CE in Alger where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1828 CE in Baghdad where the Arabs slaughtered us for being Jews
    1830 CE in Tabriz where the Arabs slaughtered us for being Jews
    1830 CE in Alger where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1834 CE in Hebron where the Egyptians slaughtered us for being Jews
    1838 CE in Tzfat where the Arabs slaughtered us for being Jews
    1839 CE in Mashhad where the Arabs slaughtered us for being Jews
    1864 CE in Marrakech where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1867 CE in Barfurush where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1869 CE in Tunis where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1875 CE in Demnat where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1897 CE in Tripolitania where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1910 CE in Shiraz when the Arabs slaughtered for being Jews
    1912 CE in Fez where we were slaughtered for being Jews
    1925 CE in Damascus where the Turks slaughtered us for being Jews
    1934 CE in Constantine where the Arabs slaughtered us for being Jews
    1941 CE in Baghdad where the Arabs slaughtered us for being Jews
    In 1947 in Aden and Aleppo because Jews declared an independent country

  11. Another great article about this.
    Palestine: The Psychotic Stage
    The truth about why Palestinians have been seized by their present blood lust.
    Oct. 12, 2015

    If you’ve been following the news from Israel, you might have the impression that “violence” is killing a lot of people. As in this headline: “Palestinian Killed As Violence Continues.” Or this first paragraph: “Violence and bloodshed radiating outward from flash points in Jerusalem and the West Bank appear to be shifting gears and expanding, with Gaza increasingly drawn in.”

    Read further, and you might also get a sense of who, according to Western media, is perpetrating “violence.” As in: “Two Palestinian Teenagers Shot by Israeli Police,” according to one headline. Or: “Israeli Retaliatory Strike in Gaza Kills Woman and Child, Palestinians Say,” according to another.

    Such was the media’s way of describing two weeks of Palestinian assaults that began when Hamas killed a Jewish couple as they were driving with their four children in the northern West Bank. Two days later, a Palestinian teenager stabbed two Israelis to death in Jerusalem’s Old City, and also slashed a woman and a 2-year-old boy. Hours later, another knife-wielding Palestinian was shot and killed by Israeli police after he slashed a 15-year-old Israeli boy in the chest and back.

    Other Palestinian attacks include the stabbing of two elderly Israeli men and an assault with a vegetable peeler on a 14-year-old. On Sunday, an Arab-Israeli man ran over a 19-year-old female soldier at a bus stop, then got out of his car, stabbed her, and attacked two men and a 14-year-old girl. Several attacks have been carried out by women, including a failed suicide bombing.

    Regarding the causes of this Palestinian blood fetish, Western news organizations have resorted to familiar tropes. Palestinians have despaired at the results of the peace process—never mind that Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas just declared the Oslo Accords null and void. Israeli politicians want to allow Jews to pray atop the Temple Mount—never mind that Benjamin Netanyahu denies it and has barred Israeli politicians from visiting the site. There’s always the hoary “cycle of violence” formula that holds nobody and everybody accountable at one and the same time.

    Left out of most of these stories is some sense of what Palestinian leaders have to say. As in these nuggets from a speech Mr. Abbas gave last month: “Al Aqsa Mosque is ours. They [Jews] have no right to defile it with their filthy feet.” And: “We bless every drop of blood spilled for Jerusalem, which is clean and pure blood, blood spilled for Allah.”

    Then there is the goading of the Muslim clergy. “Brothers, this is why we recall today what Allah did to the Jews,” one Gaza imam said Friday in a recorded address, translated by the invaluable Middle East Media Research Institute, or Memri. “Today, we realize why the Jews build walls. They do not do this to stop missiles but to prevent the slitting of their throats.”

    Then, brandishing a six-inch knife, he added: “My brother in the West Bank: Stab!”

    Imagine if a white minister in, say, South Carolina preached this way about African-Americans, knife and all: Would the news media be supine in reporting it? Would we get “both sides” journalism of the kind that is pro forma when it comes to Israelis and Palestinians, with lengthy pieces explaining—and implicitly justifying—the minister’s sundry grievances, his sense that his country has been stolen from him?

    And would this be supplemented by the usual fake math of moral opprobrium, which is the stock-in-trade of reporters covering the Israeli-Palestinian conflict? In the Middle East version, a higher Palestinian death toll suggests greater Israeli culpability. (Perhaps Israeli paramedics should stop treating stabbing victims to help even the score.) In a U.S. version, should the higher incidence of black-on-white crime be cited to “balance” stories about white supremacists?

    Didn’t think so.

    Treatises have been written about the media’s mind-set when it comes to telling the story of Israel. We’ll leave that aside for now. The significant question is why so many Palestinians have been seized by their present blood lust—by a communal psychosis in which plunging knives into the necks of Jewish women, children, soldiers and civilians is seen as a religious and patriotic duty, a moral fulfillment. Despair at the state of the peace process, or the economy? Please. It’s time to stop furnishing Palestinians with the excuses they barely bother making for themselves.

    Above all, it’s time to give hatred its due. We understand its explanatory power when it comes to American slavery, or the Holocaust. We understand it especially when it is the hatred of the powerful against the weak. Yet we fail to see it when the hatred disturbs comforting fictions about all people being basically good, or wanting the same things for their children, or being capable of empathy.

    Today in Israel, Palestinians are in the midst of a campaign to knife Jews to death, one at a time. This is psychotic. It is evil. To call it anything less is to serve as an apologist, and an accomplice.


    Don’t buy from Bella’s Bakehouse of Birmingham or Bradford. They partake in the Boycott Israel movement:

  13. Those Muslim who want to chose peace and life can choose to listen to what Allah says in the Qu’ran and not to trees and rocks. And that is that Israel belongs to the Jews and that the bible is to be respected.

    Even the Qur’an says that God gave the Land of Israel to the Jews!

    It [the Qur’an] is “a confirmation of previous scriptures” (i.e., the Bible)

    [Qur’an: Sura 12, “Joseph”, verse 112]

    “We [Muslims] believe in that which was revealed to us [the Qur’an] and that which was revealed to you [the Torah]. Our God and your God is one. To Him we surrender ourselves”.

    [Qur’an: Sura 29, “The Spider”, verse 47]

    “Enter, My People, the Holy Land which Allah has assigned for you. Do not turn back, or you shall be ruined”.

    [Qur’an: Sura 5, “The Table, verse 21]

    “We [Allah] settled the Israelites in a blessed land and provided them with good things”.

    [Qur’an: Sura 10, “Jonah”, verse 93]

    “Pharoah sought to scare them [the Jews] out of the land [of Israel]: but We [Allah] drowned him, together with all who were with him. Then We said to the Israelites: ‘Dwell in this land. When the promise of the hereafter comes to be fulfilled, We shall assemble you all together [in the Land of Israel in the End of Days]”.

    [Qur’an: Sura 17, “The Night Journey”, verse 103]

    “it was Our [Allah’s] will to favour those who were oppressed [the Jews] and to make them leaders of mankind, to bestow on them a noble heritage and to give them power in the land [of Israel]: and to inflict on Pharoah, Haman, and their army, the very scourge dreaded by their victims”.

    [Qur’an: Sura 28, “The Story”, verses 5-6]

    “We [Allah] gave the persecuted people [the Jews] dominion over the eastern and western lands which We had blessed [the east and west banks of the Jordan River]. Thus your Lord’s gracious word was fulfilled for the Israelites, because they had endured with fortitude; and We destroyed the edifices and towers of Pharoah and his people”.

    [Qur’an: Sura 7, “The Heights”, verse 137]

    “To Moses We gave the Scriptures, a perfect code for the righteous, with precepts about all things, and a guide and a blessing, so that his people might believe in the ultimate meeting with their Lord”.

    [Qur’an: Sura 6, “Cattle”, verse 155]

    “tell of Our servants Abraham, Isaac and Jacob: men of might and vision whom We made pure with the thought of the hereafter. They shall dwell with Us among the righteous whom We have chosen”.

    [Qur’an: Sura 38, “Sad”, verse 46]

    “Glory be to Him [Allah] who made His servants [Muhammed and El Burak] go by night from the Sacred Temple [of Mecca] to the farther Temple [of Jerusalem], whose surroundings We have blessed, that We might show him some of Our signs. He [Allah] alone hears all and observes all. We [Allah] gave Moses the Scriptures and made them a guide for the Israelites, saying, ‘Take no other guardian than Myself. You are the descendants of those whom We carried in the Ark with Noah. He was a truly thankful servant'”.

    [Qur’an: Sura 17, “The Night Journey”, verses 1-3]

    “We gave the Scriptures to the Israelites and bestowed on them wisdom and prophethood. We provided them with good things and exalted them above the nations”.

    [Qur’an: Sura 45, “Kneeling”, verses 16-17]

    “There is guidance, and there is light, in the Torah which We [Allah] have revealed. By it the prophets who surrendered themselves to Allah judged the Jews, and so did the rabbis and the divines; they gave judgement according to Allah’s scriptures which had been committed to their keeping and to which they were witnesses”.

    [Qur’an: Sura 5, “The Table”, verses 44-45]

    “And We said after him to the Children of Israel: Dwell in the land, then, when the time of the second promise comes, We will bring you all together as a mixed crowd”

    [Qur’an: 17:104]